Wellness, Diet, and Fitness
Healthy living involves various components, which often vary from person to person. All people require a nutritious diet and adequate physical activity for optimum health and wellness, for example. Some people may need to pay substantial attention to their spiritual or financial health to achieve and/or maintain optimal health and wellness. CIHS aims to provide a wide swath of information to help promote healthy living for all Americans.
Eating for Health
Eating well promotes better health and wellness and is important for everyone, especially people who have, or are at risk for, health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. Given the high incidence of many chronic illnesses among people with mental illnesses and addictions, eating healthy is vital to prevention and recovery.
The federal government recently replaced the illustrious Food Pyramid with My Plate, the nation’s new nutrition guide. My Plate depicts a plate and glass divided into five food groups.
“Americans Consume Too Many Calories from Solid Fat, Alcohol, and Added Sugar,” according to a U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion document that describes discretionary calories consumed by Americans.
From Wallet to Waistline: The Hidden Costs of Super Sizing from the National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity summarizes the true costs of supersizing portions and provides nutrient analysis tables.
The Ask the Dietician Healthy Body Calculator calculates body mass index (BMI) and provides information on nutrient composition, body shape, and corresponding disease risk. This tool also offers personalized activities for weight loss.
Healthy Dining Finder searches for healthier meals at restaurants ranging from fast food to fine dining and provides information such as calories, fat, and sodium.
How Active Are You? Calorie Calculator from the Center for Science in the Public Interest determines a targeted calorie intake based on a person’s gender, age, height, weight, and activity level.
Interactive Menu Planner from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute helps users plan daily food and meal choices based on their daily calorie needs.
Make Your Calories Count: Use the Nutrition Facts Label for Healthy Weight Management from the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition is an interactive learning program that provides users with information to help plan a healthful diet while managing calorie intake.
Physical activity is integral to the health and wellness of all people. Not only can exercise help a person maintain an ideal weight, but it also helps alleviate – or even stave off – physical and mental health problems, like high blood pressure and stress.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention issued its first-ever Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. The guidelines describe the types and amounts of physical activity that offer substantial health benefits. The agency states, "Regular physical activity helps improve your overall health and fitness, and reduces your risk for many chronic diseases."
The National Center on Physical Activity and Disability shares a vast amount of information, resources, and research on physical activity for people with disabilities.